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Galatia

[Wroth, B. M. C., Galatia, &c.]

(i). Regal Series.

In B.C. 64 Galatia was divided by Pompey among the principal tetrarchs of the country, notably two who struck coins, Deiotarus I, ruler of the Tolistobogii, and Brogitarus, ruler of the Trocmi. Cf. Reinach, L'hist. par les monn., pp. 152 f.

Deiotarus I, circ. B.C. 64-40 (?).

Head of Nike. [B. M. C., p. xvii. and p. 1. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΔΗΙΟΤΑΡΟΥ Eagle on sword in sheath, between pilei of Dioskuri.
Æ 1


747

Brogitarus, circ. B.C. 58; ob. circ. B.C. 53 (?).

Head of Zeus in oak-wreath.
[B. M. C., p. xvii.]
ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΒΡΟΓΙΤΑΡΟΥ ΦΙΛΟ- ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥ Eagle on fulmen; behind, military standard. Date ‘6'.
AR Tetradr. Paris.

Amyntas, B.C. 36-25. In his dominions were Lycaonia, Isauria, Western Cilicia, and Pamphylia, where, at Side, his tetradrachms were minted (cf. AR of Side). It is doubtful (see B. M. C., pp. xviii f.) whether any of the gold coins attributed to this king are genuine.

Head of Athena. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΜΥΝΤΟΥ Nike ad- vancing, holding sceptre (or some- times sheathed sword) twined with diadem. (On some specimens Nike wears head-dress of elephant-skin)
AR Tetradr. 248 grs.
Head of Herakles. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΜΥΝΤΟΥ Lion walk- ing; sometimes with monogram of Amyntas.
Æ sizes 1-.9
Head of Zeus. Id. [Imhoof, Kl. M., p. 498].
Æ .9
Head of Artemis. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΜΥΝΤΟΥ Stag stand- ing.
Æ .8
Bust of Hermes (struck at Cremna in Pisidia). ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΜΥΝΤΟΥ Caduceus.
Æ .6

(ii). Civic Series.

On the death of Amyntas in B.C. 25 Galatia with other districts was formed into the Roman province ‘Galatia’ under the government of a legatus Augusti pro praetore.

Koinon of Galatia. Imperial, Æ, struck at Ancyra from Nero to Trajan (see also Babelon, Mlanges, I. p. 62, coin of the Governor Afrinus, time of Claudius, without ΚΟΙΝΟΝ). Inscr., ΚΟΙΝΟΝ ΓΑΛΑΤΙΑΣ or ΤΟ ΚΟΙΝΟΝ ΓΑΛΑΤΩΝ, and name of the governor (legatus).

Types—Temple of Roma and Augustus at Ancyra; Zeus seated; Mn; Galba as Mn (Hunter Cat., ii. p. 567; Imhoof, Kl. M., p. 495).

Ancyra (Angora), capital of the Tectosages and, afterwards, of the Roman province of Galatia. Imperial, Galba to Salonina. Inscr., ΣΕΒΑΣΤΗΝΩΝ ΤΕΚΤΟΣΑΓΩΝ; Η ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟΛΙC ΤΗC ΓΑΛΑΤΙΑC ΑΝΚVΡΑ; ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟΛΕΩC ΑΝΚVΡΑC; ΜΗΤΡΟΠΟΛΕΩC ΑΝΚV- ΡΑΝΩΝ. ΒΝ = second neokory (under Valerian I); cf. Oesterr. Jahres- hefte, vii, pp. 34 ff.

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Types—Prize crown inscribed ΑΓΩΝ; Seated or standing figure of a judge in the ΙΕΡΟΙC ΑΓΩΝ (N. C., 1903, p. 343; cf. Imhoof, Zur gr. u. rm. Mnzk., p. 228); Three athletes drawing lots (Fig. 329); Mn (frequent); Amazon holding anchor (αγκυρα), bipennis and pelta (B. M. C., p. 9); Asklepios; Demeter; Dionysos; Satyr playing with panther (N. C., 1903, p. 341); Aphrodite and Eros swimming (Vienna; B. M. C.,


748
coin image
FIG. 329.

p. xxi); Aphrodite standing (Imhoof, op. cit., p. 226); Triple-headed Hekate (ib. p. 116); Helios in quadriga with torches (Hunter Cat., ii, p. 569); Tyche of Ancyra holding temple or prize crown (Oesterr. Jahreshefte, vii, p. 9); Temple of Roma and Augustus at Ancyra; obv. Bust of ΑΝΤΙΝΟΟC ΘЄΟC, rev. ΙΟVΛΙΟC CΑΤΟΡΝΙΝΟC ΑΝΚVΡΑΝΟΙC Mn standing holding anchor (Invent. Wadd., No. 6607); Tyche of Ancyra and Homonoia (Imhoof, op. cit., p. 227).

Games—ΑCΚΛΗΠΕΙΑ CΩΤΗΡΕΙΑ; ΙCΟΠVΘΙΑ; ΠVΘΙΑ.

Germa (now Karadja Pasha ren, near Mas'ud Keui; J. H. S., 1899, pp. 84 f.), a Roman colony, Colonia Julia Augusta Felix Germa.

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Colonial coins, Domitian, Commodus, and later. Inscr., CO. GERMENO- RVM; COL. AVG. GERMENOR. Types—Eagle with wreath between standards; Helios standing (Imhoof, Kl. M., p. 496); Female figure in temple between standards (Invent. Wadd.); Wolf and Twins, &c.

Pessinus (near Bala-Hissar), the capital of the Tolistobogii; famous for its priesthood of Kybele (Agdistis) and a temple which contained the sacred stone (representing the goddess) removed to Rome in B.C. 204.

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Second or first century B.C.

Bust of Kybele, turreted. ΜΗΤΡΟΣ ΘΕΩΝ ΠΕΣΣΙΝΕΑΣ Lion seated.
Æ .95
Id. ΜΗΤΡΟC ΘЄWΝ Lion seated.
Æ .65
Heads of Kybele and Atys. ΜΗΤΡΟΣ ΘΕΩΝ ΠΕΣΣΙΝΕΑΣ Lion seated, with paw on tympanum.
AE.
[Imhoof, Gr. M., p. 750, No. 748; pl. 13, 7.]
Bust of Atys. ΜΗΤΡΟΣ ΘΕΩΝ ΠΕΣΣΙΝΕΙΑΣ Humped bull. Æ Paris. [Imhoof, Gr. M., p. 752, No. 754.]

Imperial, Augustus to Geta. Inscr., ΠЄCCΙΝΟΥΝΤΙΩΝ; ΓΑΛ(ατων) ΤΟΛΙC(τοβογιων) ΠЄCCΙΝΟΥΝΤΙΩΝ; CЄΒΑ(στηνων) ΤΟΛΙCΤΟΒΟ. ΠЄCCΙΝΟΥΝΤΙ; some without town-name (Augustus, Tiberius).

Types—Kybele seated; Asklepios; Eros riding on lion; Harpo- krates; River-god Sangarios; Daedalos and Ikaros (Imhoof, Gr. M., p. 754; also Brit. Mus.); obv. Head of ΘЄΑ ΙΛЄΑ (Kybele), rev. ΠЄCCΙΝΟΥ(ντιων) Head of Atys (B. M. C., p. xxii n.).

Era, B.C. 25, year of formation of Province of Galatia (B. M. C., p. xxii).


749

Magistrate—Presbeutes (legatus), in gen. with επι, governor of the Province of Galatia (cf. Imhoof, Zur gr. u. rm. Mnzk., p. 229).

Tavium (Byuk Nefez Keui), capital of the Trocmi, the principal tribe of Eastern Galatia.

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First century B.C.
Humped bull, running. ΤΑΥΙΩΝ Amphora between pilei of Dioskuri.
Æ .85
Head of Zeus.
[Imhoof, op. cit., p. 230.]
ΤΑΥΙΩΝ Eagle on fulmen between pilei of Dioskuri.
Æ .95

Imperial, Vespasian to Caracalla. Inscr., ΣΕΒΑΣΤΗΝΩΝ ΤΡΟΚ- ΜΩΝ; CЄ. ΤΡΟ. ΤΑΟVΙΑΝΩΝ; ΤΑΟVΙΑΝΩΝ.

Types—Zeus of Tavium enthroned (Strabo xii, p. 567 ο του Διος κολοσσος χαλκους και τεμενος αυτου ασυλον at Tavium; cf. B. M. C., p. xxiii; Pl. V. 12); Humped bull; Standing figure crowning bull (Invent. Wadd., No. 6700); Apollo standing beside column with his lyre; River-god ΑΛVC (Halys) reclining beside galley; Carnyx (Gaulish trumpet, Imhoof, l. c.).

Era, B.C. 25, date of formation of the Province of Galatia.